The Guadix and El Marquesado district is formed by an immense tableland and located at the east of Granada. It is formed by the city of Guadix and the villages that surround it. This area has a very rich archaeological and historical legacy. It has landscapes of contrast; the green northern slopes of the Sierra Nevada and the red lunar landscape of Guadix and Gorafe. Between this you will find a countryside that changes color by the season; the blossom fields of the almond trees in January/February and the red daisy fields in May. In Guadix are three Natrual Parks situated: Sierra Nevada, Sierra de Baza and Natural Mounument Cárcavas de Marchal
Near Gorafe you can visit the biggest dolmen conglomeration of Europe. They are spread out over several kilometers in the valley and an information center is located in Gorafe itself. The Iberian remains and the roman city of Acci (Guadix) founded by Julius Cesar is worth a visit. In the 8th century the Arabs arrived, but expelled eight centuries later. In a lot of places still remains its Islamic heritage; the Mudejar churches, Arabic watch towers, castle ruins and the Arabic place names. Outstanding beauty of the Christian period are the cathedral of Guadix and the castle in La Calahorra.
The grounds of the Hoya de Guadix and the valleys of the Fardes and Gor rivers were easy to excavate. This has caused that a lot of people since history have digged their own cave house. The advantage of a cave house is its thermic insulation, which ensures the temperature to remain constant along the year; warm in winter and cool in summer. The ceilings of the caves are round shaped and together with the walls they are whitewashed. Today a lot of cave houses have been renovated and some of them even have been changed into luxury holiday accommodations with all its charm and comfort.
The climate is warm and temperate in Guadix. The rain falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. The climate here is classified as Csa by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average temperature in Guadix is 14.2 °C. In a year, the average rainfall is 479 mm. The driest month is July, with 7 mm of rainfall. In March, the precipitation reaches its peak, with an average of 60 mm. The warmest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of 24.3 °C. At 6.0 °C on average, January is the coldest month of the year. (Source: Climate-Data.org)
Usually the cuisine of Guadix and its region is based on pork products, such as the "olla" or stew. Among the typical dishes are the fried bread crumbs, porridge, the "zalamandroña" or "rin-ran".
Other products, are beans with ham and peaches, and sweets such as "felipes" and "Tocinos de Cielo de Guadix".
Guadix (also called La Accitania or Land of Acci) is a Spanish region located in the central-eastern province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It borders the regions of Baza in the east, the region Los Montes in the north, in the west Vega of Granada and the Alpujarra in the south, as well as the province of Almeria. It consists of twenty-six municipalities, of which the most populous and widespread is Guadix. The region is crossed by the highway A-92 which connect Guadix with Granada and Malaga in the west and Almeria in the southeast. Another highway A-92N connects the city with Murcia.