The city is located at 844 meters above sea level and has 20.644 inhabitants (2014). The cultural heritage of Baza is remarkable, as it benefits of its geographically strategic position of busy crossroads throughout the history by different civilizations. During Roman times the first major road built in Spain , the Via Herculean, was linking Antequera with Cartagena and passing Baza.
Baza comes from the name the Romans gave to the city, Basti, by which it was known in the Iberian period also when it was the capital of the ancient region called "Bastetania" or "Bastitania". In the Visigoth Hispania it was the bishop seat of the Catholic church, suffragan of the Archdiocese of Toledo which included the ancient Roman province of Carthaginense.
The Arabs transformed the name medina Bastha or Batza written as Abd-el-Aziz..
Baza (37°29′20″N 2°46′16″O)
Altitude: 844 meters
Population: 20.644 inhabitants (2014)
Distance to Granada: 98 km
Distance to the beach: 109 km (Vera)
Distance to Airport Malaga: 231 km
Distance to Airport Granada: 112 km
Touristic level: low - medium - high
Authentic level: low - medium - high